Ruczaj-Tyniec. Tyniec is an ancient village famous for its 11th-c. Benedictine Abbey. In 1816, Austrians occupying the area dissolved the Order and emptied the Abbey, and in 1831 the complex burnt down. The Benedictines returned to Tyniec from Belgium in August 1939, but the reconstruction of the monastery to the design of Adolf Szyszko-Bohusz was interrupted by the Second World War.
The process of returning the former splendour to the complex on the rocky promontory eventually began in 1947–53 and still continues. In turn, Ruczaj is one of the most intensively developing areas of today’s Kraków.
Home to the 3rd Campus of the Jagiellonian University and the Kraków Technology Park, it is also the place where numerous Polish and international businesses drawing from the local academic potential have established their headquarters. The nearby clinical psychiatric hospital in Kobierzyn was at the avant-garde of psychiatric hospital design and treatment when it was built 120 years ago. During the Second World War, the Germans murdered its patients, turned it into military barracks and a hospital, and the village into a penal POW camp.